Original Title: “Die Verwandlung”
Overview of The Metamorphosis:
The Metamorphosis is a very unique novel and is written by Franz Kafka. It is about the transformation of Gregor Samsa an insect. Gregor has no idea why this has happened to him. He discovers his transformation after waking up late for work one day. He finds his back is now armored and his belly is brown, both characteristics of an insect.
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Gregor is a traveling salesman and thinks that this can’t be real. At first, he figures he simply overworked. Unfortunately, it’s not a dream. He figures he has even bigger problems as he’s late for his train ride. Gregor was supposed to take the 5 o’clock train, but it’s already 6:30 and the last train leaves at 7.
At that point, he’ll be late and his boss will come pounding on his door with a doctor. His mother comes to the door and Gregor realizes a change in his voice but is determined to get up and get ready. Gregor has to do this because his co-workers will show up at his house soon asking why he didn’t make his train. Sure enough, the maid lets in the chief clerk and he, along with Gregor’s parents come knocking at his door. The chief clerk is annoyed. All he thinks about is ways that Gregor is trying to scam him or get out of work. Yet in reality, Gregor works tirelessly at his job.
Gregor responds to the clerk and says that he’ll get ready now and make the 8 o’clock train. Meanwhile, Gregor’s parents are acting completely hysterical. The mother is calling for a doctor, and the father is calling for a locksmith to break open the door. Gregor finally unlocks the door and shocks everyone. From Gregor’s apology, we learn his parents are in serious debt to his employers. He worked to support his entire family. The chief clerk is so scared he leaves immediately.
Gregor tries to stop him and falls on his stomach which is actually perfect and he’s able to move a little bit better. Gregor’s father becomes aggressive towards Gregor. The father grabs the chief clerk stick and a newspaper and beats Gregor back into his room. In the process, he gashes Gregor side by scraping the door. Gregor wakes up many hours later and finds a dish of milk and white bread. To his surprise, he finds the milk disgusting. After many hours, his sister comes in & seeing the uneaten milk brings some other food. In particular, he ate cheese, half-rotten vegetables and bones covered in white sauce. He’s fed twice a day from this point on. Also, he discovered that his wounds have healed.
Five years ago, Gregor’s father’s business collapsed. When this happened, Gregor became determined to provide for family. He even wanted to send his sister to a musical college as she loved to play the violin. Gregor’s father is in the main room and Gregor listens. His father has saved a few years’ worth of money that they can use to support himself. Gregor thinks out-loud that this money could have freed him from his job much sooner. But, he figures it’s good that his father did save it and is happy to hear about it.
A month had now passed since Gregor’s transformation and he finds his room boring. To entertain himself, he would crawl up on the ceiling and hang there. To help out, his sister removed all the furniture from the room. But his mother doesn’t want to remove the furniture. She thinks by removing it they are removing a piece of Gregor’s ability to recover. Even Gregor acknowledges this and is a little shocked that he was trying to make a warm, dark, cave for himself.
After changing his mind about the furniture, Gregor makes efforts to save a piece of art by covering it. When his mother comes back into the room she faints at sight of him. Gregor wants to help so he goes into the main room where his mother is at. At this point, Gregor’s father returns. He’s dressed in a work uniform and is violent towards Gregor. He immediately begins throwing apples at his son and one lodge in his back. This causes excruciating pain and almost entirely paralyzes him. Then, Gregor’s father and sister throw him back into his room. With the Apple still lodged in his back, Gregor’s wounds fester for over a month.
Meanwhile, his mother was sewing for a fashion store and his sister got a sales job. To make more money, family sold all their jewelry. They also wanted to downsize from this apartment but couldn’t hope to move Gregor. Gregor’s sister’s cleaning deteriorates. She would leave the room in a filthy state. when his mother tried to clean it, the sister goes ballistic.
The family eventually hires a new cleaning lady and she is also irritating. She randomly opened Gregor’s door one day and noticed him. Then, every day after that she would disturb him at least once. Later, the family got three tenants who lived in one room of the apartment. They demanded extreme tidiness and so all the random junk of the apartment ended up in Gregor’s room. After dinner one evening, Gregor’s sister is playing the violin. Gregor enjoys the play and moves into the main room.
The door to his room was accidentally left open by the new cleaning lady. When the tenants saw Gregor, they immediately gave notice that they were moving, and refused to pay for the time they had already stayed. Then, Gregor’s sister stated that they had to cut of Gregor. They all agreed with the father when he pathetically wailed “if he could just understand us”.
This is a bit comedic since the father is the one who didn’t understand Gregor. Gregor understood them perfectly. Gregor felt his pain subsiding and breathed his last breath. When the cleaning lady came the next morning, she found Gregor’s lifeless carcass and informed the household. The three tenants came out of their room to see what the commotion was. Angry, Mr. Samsa tells them to get out of his house and they leave. Then the family takes a tram ride and feel quite happy with themselves. Their jobs are good and they’re excited to find a new apartment.
- The Trial
- Watermelon Man
- Franz Kafka’s It’s a Wonderful Life
- In the Penal Colony
Download links to “The Metamorphosis”
The free version of incredible fantasy and fiction novel, The Metamorphosis is available. The links are given below. You can get you required version. On the Other hand, if you want to get this book in paperback format then Amazon link is also given.